What is Federated SSO? 

Federated SSO or Federated Identity Management as the name implies is a combination of two words Federated which means across an organization and SSO which means Single Sign-on, Hence Federated SSO means when you require one set of credentials to login into different Applications/Websites situated across different domains. It means that suppose you are an employee in the organization and you have used services like Zoom, Office 365, Google Workspaces, HR Portal, etc. So with one Federated Identity, you will be able to access all the other services too. 

Let us understand this with the help of an example, John is an employee at company XYZ, XYZ uses certain third party services or applications like ABC, John wants to access resources from ABC with his XYZ credentials, therefore to achieve that XYZ will form a trust relationship with ABC, This is known as FIM( Federated Identity Management) or Federated SSO. Now with the help of Federated SSO John can access all the resources from ABC.

Federated SSO | Federated Single Sign-On

SSO vs FEDERATED SSO or FEDERATED IDENTITY MANAGEMENT

Many of us think that SSO and Federated SSO are one and the same, Which is not the case. They are a bit different. In SSO, you can log in to all the services in your domain or within your organization with a single set of credentials. For Ex- With Gmail ID you can access Youtube, Drive etc. Whereas, In Federated SSO with a single credential you can avail the services of all the third party applications outside your domain with whom you have established a trust. 

Federated SSO and SSO both follow all the authentication protocols like SAML, OAUTH,OIDC. According to your use case. Identity Provider authenticates the identity of the user and helps you login with single credentials. miniOrange as IDP provides hassle-free services.

How Federated SSO works?

For the Federated SSO to work we have several workflows, the system includes Identity Provider, The Place where all of the user’s identity is stored and authenticated, Other being the Service Provider, The one which gives you access to all the third party services. It can follow several authentication protocols like SAML, OAUTH, OIDC.

  1. Firstly, The user will sign in to the IDP by entering his username and password.
  2. After Authenticating the user, the IDP sends an Assertion to SP informing the authentication of the user.
  3. A Trust Relationship is established between the Identity Provider and the Service Provider
  4. The user logs in to the Third Party Application and is able to access the resources.

Federated SSO Working

 Benefits of Federated SSO

  • Increase Efficiency – saves a lot of time and increases efficiency. 
  • Customer ExperienceFor the third-party integrated apps, it makes it easy to login and hence improves customer experience. 
  • SecuredFederated SSO or Federated Identity Management makes sure that you don’t have multiple credentials for different applications making you vulnerable to threats.
  • Reduced Expenses – Single Sign On solution reduces cost along with an increase in productivity.

miniOrange Solution for Federated SSO

miniOrange provides a ready-to-use solution for Federated SSO with integrations across 5000+ apps.  We provide you with lots of additional features such as: 

  • 15+ MultiFactor Authentication methods to add an additional layer of security for your application 
  • Easy installations and setup guide and 24*7 Customer support 
  • Identity Brokering service which makes sure that you can establish a cross-protocol connection with any protocol like SAML,OAUTH/OIDC, JWT etc 
  • Adaptive Authentication methods which includes IP Restriction, Location-based Access as an advanced layer of security 
  • Custom Designed Single Sign-on for you according to your requirements.

Further Reading

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